Our terroir

Overlooking the Gironde estuary, the Blaye vineyard has an amazingly rich and varied terroir. The undulating countryside inland contrasts with the almost marine aspect of the estuary shore. Half-river, half-sea, the Gironde has had a pervasive influence on the region’s history. Nowadays, most of our vines are grown on the slopes along the estuary, though there are also vineyards on the plain and on high plateaus. Being mostly planted on these hillsides, the vines enjoy ideal exposure, guaranteeing a healthy and fully ripe crop.

240 days of sunshine a year on average and the many geological movements of the past give each of the terroirs of the three districts that make up our appellation their own distinctive character.

Scroll over the map below to find out more about our terroirs.

Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde Blaye Saint-Savin


The area around Saint-Ciers-sur-Gironde has outcrops of gravelly or sandy clay.

The sand and gravel, resulting from erosion of the distant Massif Central by vast rivers during the Eocene epoch (55-45 million years ago), generate permeable, heat-retaining soil which favours the subtle, nuanced expression of Cabernet Sauvignon in Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux reds and of Sauvignon Blanc in Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux whites.


The soil around Blaye itself is mainly clay-limestone, formed from successive layers of sediment laid down by the ocean millions of years ago.

A rich terroir particularly well-suited to Cabernet Franc and Cot (Malbec), it also brings out all the fruit characteristics of Merlot, the predominant variety of the Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux appellation.


In the district around Saint-Savin de Blaye in the south of the appellation, clay-limestone and gravelly clay hillsides rise from siliceous-clay plateaus.

A range of different soils where each grape variety can find the most suitable terroir and where our Blaye Côtes de Bordeaux red and white wines are produced.